I used to be scared of cooking turkeys. They frightened me. They are big. They have the potential to transmit food-borne illnesses if cooked improperly. They are heavy. They are unattractive in their naked, uncooked form. I was intimidated.

That is, until my Aunt Marilyn pulled through with her incredible 2-hour turkey recipe/method. For the record, I’ve made this twice now (my Aunt has made it numerous times). The first time I happened to set my oven on fire, but let’s not dwell on that, because the second time, this turkey was undeniably the juiciest, most tender, flavorful turkey I’ve ever had. No brining, no overnight bakes and soaks, just old-fashioned seasonings and a unique cooking method. The name is a tad misleading because with oven preheating time included, it takes a bit longer than two hours, but the result is well worth it. It is the main attraction, after all, so it does deserve some extra TLC.

I’m no longer afraid of the Thanksgiving bird and I will never need another turkey recipe. This one’s a keeper. Oh, and the drippings make unbelievably delicious gravy.

Make Ahead Tip:
The only tip I’ll mention is to be sure and plan ahead for defrosting your turkey! The safest way to defrost a turkey is in the refrigerator. If your turkey is frozen, the best method to plan on is to place the turkey in the refrigerator and allow approximately 24 hours of defrosting for every 5 pounds of turkey. That means, plan ahead! If your turkey weighs 20 pounds, you’ll need four days of defrosting time.





  • 1 18-22 pound turkey (I’ve used a 14-pound turkey with great results, also)
  • carrots, celery (cut into large chunks), onion (peeled and cut into large chunks), garlic cloves (peeled and smashed)
  • juice of 1 lemon
  • 1 tablespoon salt
  • 1 tablespoon pepper
  • 1 tablespoon poultry seasoning
  • butter
  • brown paper bag


  1. Preheat the oven to 500 degrees and let it heat for one hour. Meanwhile, remove giblets and neck and wash the turkey. Fill the cavity of the turkey with carrots, celery, garlic and onion. Combine the lemon juice, salt, pepper and poultry seasoning in a small bowl. With your hands, rub the entire turkey with the lemon juice mixture.
  2. Place the turkey breast down (this is opposite of how a turkey is normally cooked – so just flip the turkey upside down) in a large roasting pan. Place the roasting pan in the hot oven for as many minutes as the turkey weighs (ie. 19 lb. turkey = 19 minutes). Bake for the allotted time.
  3. Meanwhile, grease a large brown paper bag with butter on both sides. Remove the roasting pan from the oven and carefully (because the turkey and roasting pan are HOT) make a tent out of th paper bag and drape it over the turkey, taking care to tuck the sides of the bag into the roasting pan (otherwise, the butter will drip off the bag, leap onto the oven burner and possibly create a large fire…I may or may not know this from experience). See pictures below for a visual image. Turn the oven down to 400 degrees and cook the turkey for two hours.
  4. Remove the roasting pan and turkey from the oven and let turkey sit for 20 minutes. Remove turkey from the roasting pan and pour the drippings into a medium-sized saucepan. Bring to a boil. Make a slurry from flour and water (to the consistency of thick, heavy cream) and add to the drippings until desired consistency is reached.

Recipe Source: adapted slightly from Aunt Marilyn

*There is information, like this link, that recommends not using grocery store paper bags for cooking. If you are concerned about that, you can try a large oven bag, but I’ve never tried it and can’t attest to how it would work.

Here is a sideview of the roasting pan with the paper bag tucked INTO the sides. The paper bag should be greased with butter on both sides and tucked in like picture below. With my large roasting pan, I still had to trim about four or five inches off the side of the paper bag so it wasn’t too long to tuck in.

Front View. No biggie, I promise!

135 Responses to Turkey

  1. Corinne says:

    I’m curious as to why you need to leave your oven at 500 for 1 hour before putting the turkey in there. Isn’t it at 500 once it’s preheated? Thanks.

  2. carissa says:

    will this work in an electric roaster oven?

  3. Janelle says:

    Have you used this recipe and put bread stuffing in the turkey as well?

  4. Suzanne says:

    I have used this recipe THREE times in the last month, and every single time, the turkey tasted incredible… moist, flavourful, etc. I had no idea turkey could taste so so good! Every turkey was a different weight, ranging from 14 – 19 lbs, but oddly, every turkey required more than 2 hours to hit the minimum temperature… guess it all depends on the oven?? Used foil instead of a paper bag, and made my own poultry seasoning rather than use the ready-made mix — think that may have contributed to the making of some seriously killer gravy. Thanks for this recipe!

  5. Robin says:

    Hi Mel,
    If you happen to see this before Christmas Eve morning … do you keep the “tent” over the bird while it’s resting on the counter (post-two-hours in oven)?

    • Mel says:

      Sorry for the delay in responding, Robin – I’ve been spending time with family this last week and blogging a bit less. But yes, I keep the bird tented after taking it out of the oven.

  6. Amanda says:

    Another reassurance that this does indeed work! I used a turkey that was about 15lbs and used foil instead of a paper bag. I think I could have taken it out about 10-15 shy of 2 hours, as it was at about 180 when I took it out at 2 hours. It was slightly overcooked, but cooking it upside down helped negate that quite a bit!

  7. Julia says:

    Awesome turkey! I no longer “fear the turkey”! I had wiped out my oven before turning it up to 500 and a tiny scrap of paper towel was left on the bottom of the oven. I was a little scared about that, so I turned it off, then fished it out carefully. Otherwise, everything went smoothly and the turkey was moist and delicious. I tented the turkey with heavy duty foil smeared with butter instead of a paper bag. My turkey was about 12 pounds and I think I cooked it for 1 hour 50 minutes. It rested on the counter for 30-45 minutes while the sides were cooking. Thank you so much for your recipes!

  8. Allie says:

    I have a small turkey this year–12.5 lb.–and I’m wondering if the cooking time would need to be adjusted for a smaller bird. What do you think?

    • Mel says:

      Allie – Maybe a slightly shorter cooking time, but due to the nature of how this is cooked it will probably be close to 2 hours still. I did a 14 pound turkey one year with this method and it still took right around 2 hours.

  9. Becca says:

    I’m going to try this this week but my roasting pan has a lid? Do you put the lid on the the roaster either time it’s in the oven? I’ve never cooked a bird in the oven without covering it with a lid?

  10. Emilee says:

    I have two questions.
    First, do you keep the turkey upside down after you wrap it with the paper bag? And second if the answer to the first question is yes, does the skin still get crispy?

    • Mel says:

      Hi Emilee – no, I don’t flip the turkey back over. It cooks breast side down the entire time. It makes for a super juicy turkey but the skin won’t get as nice and crispy as if it were baking breast side up.

  11. Ann W says:

    First time making turkey so this is a silly question but how many carrots, celery, garlic and onion should I use? I have a 14 pound turkey. Thanks!

    • Mel says:

      Probably 2-3 large carrots and a couple celery stalks. Really, you can just eyeball it – half an onion maybe? Several cloves of garlic. Good luck!!

  12. matt loehrer says:

    Wait, one other thing I forgot—I stuffed the bird with carrots, onion and celery, and since I didn’t have a rack, I took some carrots and the rest of the celery and made a little bed in the bottom of the pan for the bird to rest on. And then I ate the carrots. It was a good day.

  13. matt loehrer says:

    Hey, Mel—you’ve done it again. Short version: my sis-in-law was in charge of the turkey this Thanksgiving, which was a bummer for me because no leftovers (my favorite part—I love nothing quite like a turkey and swiss on rye with REAL Thanksgiving turkey). Fortunately, my folks surprised us with a visit Sunday, which presented an opportunity! I didn’t want to brine, too lazy, so I went with this recipe, and it was everything you said it was. Juicy, flavorful (I went beyond your suggestions and shook lemon pepper on the bird as well), and done inside 2-1/2 hours, including the initial 15 minute searing time. Even the leftover stuff I’ve been snacking all week is still pretty juicy! So great job, thanks so much.

    For the rest of you, all you need to know is 1. yes, it is juicy and done in a little over 2 hours, and B. if you’re worried about the paper bag, I tented foil over the bird instead and had great results. Maybe the inverted bird is key, or the pre-heat searing, but either way, I will cook my birds this way from now on.

  14. Ashley says:

    I made this for the second time for Thanksgiving yesterday and I am SOLD. Best turkey ever, even my guests raved about it. Sounds like a crazy idea but works so well.

  15. Lisa says:

    Hi Mel! I ended up using this method again to roast my 25 lb turkey. I had to add an extra hour to the bake time, but it was DELISH!! Very moist and flavorful. I ended up filling the cavity with the ingredients from your brined turkey recipe (ie. sage, rosemary, apple, cinnamon stick, onion) and a little celery, but followed this recipe for the rub on the skin. I got rave reviews from the family!! And, the gravy was awesome, too! I do want to try your brined turkey recipe soon. I have no doubt that it would be as awesome as this one. Thank you and I hope you had a fabulous Thanksgiving. From a fellow Minnesotan!

  16. Mel says:

    Mel…help! I’m cooking a turkey for the first time ever. A friend bought the bird…a 27 pound fresh turkey! Can you help? Had decided to use your Aunt Marilyn’s 2 hour method, until I found out the weight of the bird. I also have a convection oven. Advice, please…

    The Other Mel

    • Mel says:

      Hi Mel – have you read through the comments on this post? I think I remember someone commenting they used a larger turkey for this so it might be worth checking out. It’s been years since I’ve made turkey this way since I found my favorite brine/roasted turkey recipe so I haven’t tried it out with a convection oven (only recently got one). Is your oven the type that can switch between normal baking and convection? If so, I’d err on the side of using the regular baking function.

  17. Ashley says:

    Hey Mel!

    So I’ve used this method with a 15lb turkey and it turned out amazing. I think I need a bigger bird this year. Would you recommend a 20 lb or two smaller ones and doing them side by side. I didn’t know if you thought they would be moister as two? Love the method by the way, it’s honestly the best turkey I have ever had!!

    • Mel says:

      Ashley – can you fit two smaller turkey side-by-side in your oven? If so, I’d do that, I think smaller turkeys tend to stay a bit more moist. However if you can’t fit them in, a larger turkey will work, you just have to fine tune the baking times/temp.

  18. Stephanie B says:

    I made this today with a 13 lb. turkey. Although I had it thawing in the fridge for 4 days (instead of the recommended 3 for that size), it was still a little icy when I went to prepare it this afternoon! So I had to finish thawing it in the sink filled with cold water, which was about another hour. So, a word to the wise, check in the morning of the day you want to cook that your turkey is thawing like it should.

    Then, my next problem, after cooking for most of the 2 hours, I checked the turkey a little early, and it looked like it was at the perfect temperature. However, after letting it rest and starting to carve, I noticed the legs were not done! So I carved most of the breast meat off and then put the rest back in the oven. I think with having the turkey upside down, it’s hard to stick a meat thermometer in the right place to get a good reading. Also, I may just need more practice and experience in this whole cooking large pieces of meat thing. It’s not my first time cooking a turkey, but it’s been a while.

    My third problem was with the gravy. There just was not much drippings; I only got like 3-4 tablespoons. So I supplemented with chicken broth. I don’t have a real roasting rack, so I used a cooling rack, but I don’t think it elevated the turkey enough, and the juices piled up and congealed and burned on the bottom of the pan.

    Despite the delay and struggles, the meat was VERY moist and tender, the skin crisp, and the spice/lemon rub added some most delicious flavor. So overall, it was worth the effort.

  19. I like this. It is the best job I ve seen.

  20. Isabel says:

    I just want to say THANK YOU!! This year I cooked my first turkey and I used this recipe. I was very nervous. It came out great! My family loved it and couldn’t get enough! So tender and juicy!


  21. Krystyna says:

    Thanks 🙂

  22. Mel says:

    BreeAnn – yes, go ahead and butter both the top and under side of the brown bag. Good luck!

  23. Marlene says:

    So I did this last year and I have to say that it worked great!! It was amazing and when I told my guests that I did it in 2 hours they were very surprised. I’m going to try doing a 24.5 lb turkey and leave it in a little longer. It was so juicy and tender. Thanks for sharing this secret recipe. I love getting your recipes every day and it gets me excited about cooking something new! I’ll let you know how the larger turkey turns out.

  24. BreeAnn says:

    Hello- I was introduced to your blog from a friend and have been making lots of your recipes! I am excited to try making this turkey tomorrow, but I am wondering, when you say to butter both sides of the bag, do you mean underneath the bag and on top of the bag? Or do you just mean all sides of the bag that are actually touching the turkey? I just want to make sure I do this right! This is my first time making a turkey by myself and I’m pretty nervous!!


  25. Mel says:

    Krystyna – there should be enough juices in the roasting pan that the breast of the turkey shouldn’t burn. It won’t get crisp like it would if it was breast-side up but it will stay nice and juicy.

  26. Krystyna says:

    Hey I have a quick question and couldn’t read threw all of the comments to see if someone else asked this…. will the breast burn or get real crisp since it’s down on the pan?? I’ve been doing thanksgiving dinner at my house for 2 years now and I’ve tried 3 other ways and they were very good but not real real juicey and so I read your blog and loved it so I’m going to try it this year. :))) thanks

  27. monica says:

    Will this method work for a turkey that’s been dry rubbed with spices, then slauthered
    with a layer of seasoned mayonaise? and if i combine the mayo method along with your 2 hr turkey cooking method would I put only the dry rub on the turkey for the 500 degree cooking, then apply the mayo afterwards before tenting to prevent it from burning. I got the mayonaise method from baking bites.com. thank you

    • Mel says:

      Hi Monica – I’ve only ever made this turkey the way the recipe states. You could try it with your variations – I’m not sure how all those spices/mayo would fare with the high temp for the first step in baking. You’ll probably have to experiment and see how it would work out. Good luck!

  28. Ashley says:

    I made this the other day with a 15 lb turkey. Just to make sure everyone does it right (I had to read the comments) you grease BOTH sides of the bag! It turned out wonderful! So juicy. It was my first turkey and a huge success. Next time I may try injecting it with spice before baking it.

  29. Lynne3 says:

    From the USDA website…

    Do Not Cook in Brown Paper Bags
    Do not use brown paper bags from the grocery or other stores for cooking. They are not sanitary, may cause a fire, and may emit toxic fumes. Intense heat may cause a bag to ignite, causing a fire in the oven and possibly contaminating the turkey. The ink, glue, and recycled materials in paper bags may emit toxic fumes when they are exposed to heat. Instead, use commercial oven cooking bags.

  30. Mel says:

    Monica – I don’t know because I’ve only ever used the paper bag method. I wouldn’t recommend wax paper based on the coating it has and the high heat but parchment may be worth a try – sorry I don’t know for sure!

  31. Monica says:

    Will this method work using parchment paper or wax paper?

  32. Kellie says:

    We made this for Thanksgiving and it turned out so good and was so moist. FYI, we had a 25lb bird and it still took just the 2hrs. The skin came out perfectly golden although doesn’t look very pretty when flipped right side up on a platter due to the golden part being on the under side. I think we will try this right side up next year and see how our results are. Thanks so much =)

  33. Melody aanderud says:

    I used your recipe and our turkey turned out great. We had your brother Jed and Erin over so I was under some pressure, but I’m glad to say it was moist and delicious. I did add extra time, probably about 40 min to get the middle done, but maybe that is because I stuffed it with too many vegetables. Anyway, thanks! Your post gave me lots of needed confidence!

  34. TPD says:

    I just wanted to let you know in case you were wondering that it worked!! And worked perfectly! No need to increase time even a little.

    Everyone could not believe how moist it was and I continue to be shocked that I cooked TWO 15lbs turkeys in 2 hours flat!


  35. Celia says:

    I’m using this recipe tomorrow. My mother has little faith in it and right now thinks I’m crazy for thinking that a turkey can get done in 2 hours. I must be crazy!

  36. TPD says:

    So I was wondering if this method would work with 2- 15 lbs turkeys cooking at the same time?? Does this increase the time? Will it work at all?? That makes 30 lbs all together so I wonder what I should do?

    • Mel says:

      TPD – I’ve never tried two turkeys at once so I can’t give you a for sure answer. Do you have the oven space for two roasting pans? You’ll definitely need a roasting pan for each turkey in order for the buttered brown bag method to work. You’ll basically need to check the temperature after the 2 hour mark and bake longer if it needs more time (my guess is you’ll need at least 2 1/2 hours).

  37. Jillian says:

    I just bought a 12.5 lb turkey and was wondering if this method would work? do I need to cook less than 2 hours or at less than 400 degrees? I just don’t want it to turn out dry. This will be the first turkey I’ve ever made. Thanks for your help 🙂

    • Mel says:

      Jillian – I’ve never cooked a turkey that small, but I would check the turkey after 1 1/2 hours and chances are, it will probably be done. Good luck!

  38. TPD says:

    So I was wondering if this method would work with 2- 15 lbs turkeys cooking at the same time?? Does this increase the time? Will it work at all?? That makes 30 lbs all together so I wonder what I should do?

  39. Terry Marine says:

    I did a 19# turkey last year using this cooking method and it was fantastic. I really couldn’t believe this method would work with a large turkey but it brought rave reviews and the best gravy I have ever made and lots of it. Simple, easy, non stressful and delicious. Thanks for sharing.

  40. Angela says:

    Just a word of caution to those using a roaster (the separate plug-in unit things). They typically work great for turkeys, but it doesn’t work if you turn the turkey upsidedown…found out the hard way….doesn’t cook the top at the same rate, which is good if its breast side up (doesn’t dry out), but you really need the heat close to get the dark meat cooked. Whoops! We cut it up and finished it in the oven, so it wasn’t lost. Just a bit delayed. Delicious with the paper bag trick though — will definitely do that again. Thanks for the tips, Mel!

  41. Mel says:

    Dianne – yes, I cut off the base of the bag so that both ends are open.

  42. Dianne Hilyer says:

    Did you cut off the end of the paper bag so that both ends are open?

  43. Lorie says:

    Will aluminum foil work instead of the paper bag?

    • Mel says:

      Lorie – good question…I’m not sure! I’ve never tried it that way but several commenters have indicated they have used a large lid, so I assume the foil should work the same way.

  44. Lorie says:

    Hi Melanie, I’ve made A LOT of your recipes, so I am trying this for Christmas dinner. I will use a roasting pan with the lid as Marissa did , so I was wondering, do I put the turkey in the oven at 500 (uncovered) and then take it out, butter the lid and put it back in the oven when the temp reaches 400? Or would I just leave the turkey in the oven covered the entire time since I am not using the paper bag? I hope this makes sense 🙂

    • Mel says:

      Lorie – still roast the turkey uncovered at 500 degrees for the amount of time you calculate depending on the weight. Then, butter the lid and lower the heat to 400 and cover the turkey. Continue to roast until the turkey is done. You don’t need to wait for the oven to get to 400 before you put the turkey back in. Just butter the lid, place it over the turkey and lower the heat. The turkey can stay in the oven while the oven temp regulates. Hope that helps!

  45. Marissa says:

    Hi! This recipe is awesome! I didn’t have any paper bags, but I had a smallish turkey (12 lbs.) and a large-ish roasting pan with a lid. I buttered the lid and followed the rest of the directions exactly. I was a little afraid of letting the bird go for the entire two hours because it was small, but I took a leap of faith and cooked it for the whole time. It turned out perfect! Thank you!

    • Mel says:

      Marissa – clever idea to use your lid – I never would have thought to do that and sounds like it worked great if you have a lid big enough. Thanks for checking in to let me know!

  46. heidi says:

    Yup! I bought a roasting pan that may be cheap, only 30 bucks. But it worked out! I was also going to mention something that would be useful. I stuffed this turkey with my mom’s recipe (which I should give you) and it worked out fine. I used all 2 hours for a 12 lb turkey. As long as the poultry is 180 deg. and the stuffing is 165, it’s done. Oh and the drippings were divine in my gravy. Love you forever for this recipe

  47. Heidi says:

    Hi Mel,

    You’re so sweet to go to the trouble to look for me 🙂 We made our T-day feast early this year so we ate yesterday! This was my first undertaking of preparing a whole spread for my little family and I was nervous. I can’t even articulate the excitement when I saw this golden beauty emerge from my oven. As we checked it’s temp, it gushed with juiciness. My husband said, “Are you kidding me!!?” As he snapped pictures of it. I used like 4 brown lunch bags and stapled them together. (since I was scared of grocery bags) I buttered both sides thinking, “Who thinks of this method?” They’re probably laughing at my ingenuousness! Alas, I did it and will do this method every year. My mom said she’ll try this one too! THANKS A BAJILLION!

    • Mel says:

      Heidi – so did you end up buying a roasting pan? Just curious! Ok, so I have to say you are BRILLIANT for the paper lunch bag/staple idea. Seriously! So many have been concerned about the brown grocery bag and that is the perfect solution. Love you for that. I am thrilled that this turned out such a juicy turkey. Thanks for checking in already!

  48. Heidi says:

    I have been looking at roasting pans for a while and then gave up cause I have zero experience with them. I just buy the flimsy disposable aluminum thingys. Thanksgiving is just around the corner! I shouldn’t use one of those bad boys for a massive turkey. I see 3rd degree burns and an ER in my future. Tell me about yours! What size is it and did it come with a rack inside? Do you remember the cost too? THANKS!

    • Mel says:

      Heidi – well, I actually received my roasting pan as a gift several years ago and to be honest, it isn’t the best one around. It is nonstick which means the drippings burn on the bottom of the pan and manages to create a burning smell while the turkey is roasting. Lovely, I know. So I’m not the best resource since I wouldn’t really recommend the one I have. I checked out the Cook’s Illustrated recommendations since I whole-heartedly trust them and they recommend a few pans that are over $200. Yikes! However, they included a KitchenAid brand in their high recommendations that is about $50 and that is pretty reasonable for a good roasting pan, I’d say. The name of the pan is: KitchenAid Gourmet Distinctions Roasting Pan with Rack and the model number is 549023. Hope that helps!

  49. Hillary says:

    Hi Mel- My friend and I are planning to make this turkey for Thanksgiving next week and I was just wondering what happens to the vegetables you put inside? (I’ve never made a turkey, can you tell?) Do you serve them with the turkey? Do you throw them away? You’re not supposed to use them in the stuffing, are you? Thanks for your help!

    • Mel says:

      Hillary – the vegetables inside of the turkey are usually just there for aromatics – in plain terms, they create flavor in the turkey meat, but I always discard them after roasting the turkey. They usually are so mushy from cooking so long and imparting all of their flavor to the turkey that they aren’t good for much else. Good luck with your first venture into cooking a turkey!

  50. Brooke says:

    I tried this method for my very first time cooking a turkey by myself and it was somewhat disastrous. First off, I used a 25 pound turkey and that may have had something to do with it (this was the size of the turkey I was given to cook, though.). I adjusted the time, adding on an extra 15 minutes and using a meat thermometer, I determined it still needed more time, so I added another 15 minutes. Finally, the thermometer registered 165 on the thighs, so I assumed it was done. It was not and by the time I had carved it enough to see this, there was no salvage for it. I loved the way the skin got crispy (although it did overbrown a little) and the meat that was cooked, tasted wonderful. Then I tried to make gravy out of the drippings. YUCK! There was no flavor, a lot of grease and charred bits in it. I ended up blending it in my blender to get a smoother consistancy and to attempt to bind it together (it kept separating because of the grease). It seemed a little better after that and I sent it to the party this was for only to hear that by the time it got there, it was a congealed mess. I think I would be willing to try this again with a smaller turkey and lower heat/longer cooking time after the initial high temp crisping. Anyway, live and learn… just thought I would share. 🙂

    • Mel says:

      Brooke – so sorry this turkey didn’t work out for you! It sounds like you may be on to something that with a turkey that large the cooking time at the end needs to be longer, too. I hope it works out better for you if you dare try it again!

  51. Mel says:

    Veronica – I think the reasoning is just to get the oven smoking hot but I’m glad it worked well for you this way.

  52. Veronica M. says:

    Oh, I also was wondering if there’s a reason the oven needs to preheat for an hour? I just preheated it until it was at 500 (about 15 min) and I didn’t have any problems.

  53. Mel says:

    Veronica – I’m sorry the pictures weren’t there to help you. Until I get them updated, please feel free to email me if you need me to put them in right then or give more direction. Regardless, I’m so glad that the turkey turned out! I’m relieved, actually! Thanks so much for letting me know.

  54. Veronica M. says:

    Last week my husband and I were grocery shopping when we passed some frozen turkeys and stopped. “Why do we have to wait until Thanksgiving and Christmas to eat turkey?” he asked. “We don’t!” I replied, so we picked one out and plopped it in the cart. I remembered reading this recipe you posted back in November and knew I had to try it since this is actually the first turkey I cooked since it was posted (his Mom usually makes the T-day turkey). Unfortunately, I followed it at a time when the pictures were missing so I had to kinda guess on the paper bag. I cut it so that it was one layer of paper (instead of folded), then my hubby pointed out that the instructions didn’t even say to cut it (except that you cut five inches off to trim it, so I figured you probably cut it to make it a long piece first. I was worried that maybe the paper should have been left in two layers and it might catch on fire since it was only one but it didn’t so I guess I did it right! The turkey turned out fabulous. I used a 13-pounder so I cut 15 minutes off the cooking time (at 400 degrees). It was perfect. Seriously the most moist turkey we’ve ever had! I really like the flavor of a brined turkey, so next time I’m going to try brining it and then following this method for baking it–it should be like the best turkey EVER! I’ll have to let you know how that goes. Anyway, thanks for posting–this is brilliant.

  55. Amanda says:

    I made this today and it turned out very moist and yummy. My husband was a little concerned when I told him it only had to cook 2 hours, but it was cooked perfectly.

    Also, my gravy turned out except that it was way salty. I’m thinking maybe I didn’t add enough of the slurry. It would have been good if it wasn’t so salty.

  56. Melanie says:

    Amanda – I’m glad that this turkey turned out well, especially since your husband had reservations! Thank you for letting me know (and hopefully the next time the gravy won’t be too salty).

  57. Melanie says:

    Anonymous – (is this you, Liz?) – I’m glad the turkey was a hit, although I’m sad you didn’t get to taste it. Mostly I’m just glad you are over your fear of cooking turkeys – like me. It’s a liberating feeling, huh?

  58. Anonymous says:

    First I have to say, your first paragraph about your previous thoughts on turkey are (were) my thoughts exactly. I was asked to cook a turkey for the same church party that I took the potatoes to tonight. Eventhough I had never cooked a turkey before I thought this would be a good challege for me. The only reason I said yes was because I knew I had a tried and true recipe from you. I am so glad I did it. It turned out being much easier than I thought. The only thing I was disapointed about was that I never even got to taste it! I droped the turkey off at the church kitchen and someone else carved it. I am happy to report that the person in charge of carving the turkeys came and told me mine was the best! I am totally regreting that I didn’t have him save me even a small piece to try. Oh well, I know I will cook another turkey because it is no longer intimidating.

  59. Melanie says:

    Danielle – I’ve been waiting nervously for comments on whether the turkey turned out and I was thrilled, THRILLED to read your comment. I laughed out loud about your husband boasting about your turkey to listeners and non-listeners alike. I’m so glad you and family loved it!

    Jordan and Heather – likewise, I am so relieved to read your comment and see that the turkey turned out great! I’m especially glad that your gravy turned out delicious. And I guess it goes to show that many interpretations of the “bag theory” work!

  60. Jordan and Heather Humbert says:

    I made my turkey this way just yesterday and it turned out fabulous. I just read through all these comments to see how it turned out for everyone and realized that I didn’t cut the bag the way I was supposed to. I only cut out one of the sides and I left the bottom on, so basically I only had one end open to the oven, but it still turned out great! Also, I didn’t use a rack, but I still got awesome drippings and my gravy was so yummy! – just thought I would let you know how it went – thanks for the recipe!

  61. Danielle says:

    “This was by far THE most moist and juicy turkey I have ever tasted in my life!” This is a direct quote from my husband’s mom, who is not always so forthcoming with the compliments.

    My husband was skeptical about the bag thing, but is now boasting our bird to anyone who will listen (and some who will not.)

    Honestly I don’t think I will ever try another way of cooking a turkey. THANKS MELANIE and AUNT MARILYN!

  62. Melanie says:

    Lindsay – sorry the gravy didn’t work out. I looked at the picture on your blog. You aren’t kidding! I’ll have to troubleshoot the gravy issue. Mine seems to turn out just fine (I scrape up the drippings from the pan, add chicken stick or turkey stock and thicken with cornstarch) so I don’t know what could be happening. I wonder if adding a couple of cups of water to the bottom of the roasting pan during cooking would help. Anyway, glad the turkey itself and the stuffing was ok. Thanks for letting me know!

  63. Lindsay says:

    I used your stuffing recipe (yum) and turkey recipe too today. My turkey came out great but my gravy was a disaster. I posted a picture on my blog if you want to take a look. My mother in law was shaking her head in awe, saying she had never seen anything like that. Oh well. We still ate a plenty!

  64. Melanie says:

    Robyn, I’m thrilled with the rave reviews, especially that this has worked out twice! Thank you so much for letting me know.

  65. Robyn says:

    I saw this recipe on your blog and decided to try it! I cooked a 17 lb turkey last week using your Aunt Marilyn’s method and a 20 lb turkey today. The main bird is 22 lbs on Thursday. (While turkeys are cheap, I always do a couple of extra ones). I was very impressed- both turkeys turned out wonderfully- very moist and tasty. I didn’t have poultry seasoning so I used a packet of Liptons Herb and Garlic dry soup mix and mixed it with the lemon juice and then rubbed it all over the bird- which was really good! I don’t know that I’ll ever go back to the old way of cooking turkey.Thanks for posting such good recipes!

  66. Melanie says:

    Hi Michelle – neither me nor my Aunt (who gave me the recipe) have used this recipe with a turkey that large. I believe the recipe was tested on up to a 22-pound turkey. My guess is that you could increase the initial cooking time at the high temp to 28 minutes and then cook it at 400 for the two hours plus an additional amount of time (maybe another 15 and then check with a thermometer for doneness). The safest way would be to try it and judge it’s doneness with an accurate meat thermometer. Good luck! Let me know if you have any other questions.

  67. michelle says:

    i have cooked several turkeys using different methods with varying amounts of success. this method sounds fascinating… and so easy. i am cooking a 28 pound turkey this year. do you think it would work on a turkey this large? would i need to increase the cooking time?

  68. Melanie says:

    6p00d83451756f69e2 – yes, the ends of the roasting pan stay open, so the bag is only tucked into two opposite ends of the roasting pan. The bag does not insulate the entire turkey, instead it just creates a cover over the top and tucks into the long sides of the roasting pan. Hope that helps. Let me know if you have any other questions.

  69. 6p00d83451756f69e2 says:

    I am going to try this year but I have one question. When you say to tent the bag over the turkey, you are not meaning that we create a dome over it right? From your picture it looks like the ends are open. I thought from the description that the result of the bag would insulate the entire turkey but now I am thinking that the ends will be open to the entire oven. Is that right?

  70. Melanie says:

    Kelli – I’m wondering if the rack (or lack of) has something to do with it. I double checked with my Aunt Marilyn who gave me the recipe and we both use our racks in the roasting pan…that’s just a guess but maybe it had something to do with it. Who knows! Thanks for the followup.

  71. Kelli says:

    I didn’t use a rack, and actually wondered if that could have contributed to the drippings problem. Who knows? It really wasn’t a big deal, but had I been making this for a crowd for thanksgiving, I would have been mortified! Maybe it had nothing to do with the cooking method, just bad luck!

  72. Melanie says:

    Kelli – oh, I’m so disappointed the gravy was a disaster. And the really sad thing is I have no idea why. Did you cook the turkey on a rack or place it directly in the roasting pan? Just curious if that would make a difference. I am glad the turkey turned out moist and delicious, though. Thanks for letting me know!

  73. Kelli says:

    Thanks for the clarification. I made this last night, and it turned out beautiful. And the leftovers are still moist today. My only complaint was that for some reason the drippings seemed “off.” Way more greasy than usual, or something. I’m a pretty good gravy-maker, but it was a nasty, congealed mess. I let it sit and then poured off a very thick layer of grease (probably over 1 cup). That fixed the consistency, but took away most of the flavor. Anyway, as far as the turkey went, this was awesome! And it really cooked in only two hours–I was skeptical, I admit it!

  74. Melanie says:

    Kelli – yes, you want to grease both the side that faces the turkey and the side that is exposed to the oven with butter. Good luck! Let me know how it turns out.

  75. Kelli says:

    Another dumb question: When you say grease “both sides” of the bag, does that mean that the side of the bag exposed to the oven is greased? Or just both undersides of the bag?? Thanks, I’m trying this tomorrow! Love your site, I’ve been making my way through many of your recipes.

  76. Melanie says:

    Mel – ok, I’m nervous for you to try the turkey. I really hope it is everything you hoped for! (And the rolls, too.)

  77. Melanie says:

    Brittney – yes, you cut the paper bag so it is one long piece (no longer connected together) and you tuck the edges into the sides of the roasting pan. It has to be open on the bottom side in order to tuck the sides into the roasting pan since your turkey is already sitting in the pan. Let me know if you have any other questions.

  78. Melanie says:

    judyswestie – no, don’t flip the turkey back over, it will be too hot to do that…just leave it as is in the roasting pan and tent the paper bag over it.

  79. Brittney says:

    I don’t understand the paper bag thing even after looking at the picture.. I can’t tell, have you cut the paper bag so it’s open on the bottom side?

  80. judyswestie says:

    I just found your blog on cooking a turkey. When you tent it do you flip the turkey back on its “back” or keep it breast down.


  81. Anonymous says:

    I have made so many turkeys and tried a variety of methods. Last year was my best so far but brining is a lot of work. Your method looks so much easier and because I trust your recipes with my life I’m going to try it. I’ll let you know how it goes!
    Also, thanks for your new favorite roll recipe. It doesn’t have dairy in it which is a miracle for me. I’ll be making them for Turkey day as well.
    mel ball

  82. redhotchilly12 says:

    Fantastic cooking for turkey. I love this food. At home we used to cook turkey as a lechon, hope you are familiar with lechon… But, anyways, I love the idea of you here on how to prepare and cook turkey. I had fun reading this recipe here and hope to find the best fried turkey recipe here. Thanks!

  83. Melanie says:

    Lorie – sorry I forgot to answer the turkey breast question earlier. I don’t know what to tell you about that – I don’t dare say it will definitely work out with a turkey breast when I haven’t tried it, especially where the turkey breast is usually smaller. Hmmm…I would definitely have to tweak the recipe and try it out before recommending it that way. If YOU end up trying it, let me know. Also, I definitely think you could apply the seasonings to the turkey a day or so in advance.

  84. Anonymous says:

    Hi Melanie,

    We fried our turkey last year but may not be able to this year, so I’m going to try this! Two questions, will this work OK w/ a turkey breast and (stupid questions) can you season/marinate the turkey a day or 2 before? I like to do as much advance prep as possible.



  85. Melanie says:

    coastalgal – if your oven doesn’t want to obey at 500 degrees, just heat it as high as you can for the allotted time. If it will only heat to 450, let’s say, then add 5 or so minutes on to the initial baking time before lowering the oven to 400 degrees. Good luck!

  86. Karen Bannan says:

    Last year I spent $75 on an organic turkey. Crazy, right? This year I interviewed an expert from the World Society for the Protection of Animals to see if I should spend a fortune again. I just posted her answers to my blog. Sigh. I’m going to be spending a fortune again!

    Great post. Love the photographs!

  87. coastalgal says:

    First off i want to say.. I LOVE your site. And now.. to the issue of the turkey… I’m a preschool teacher and found out a week ago that we teachers each have the “dubious” honor of baking a turkey for a parent/family thanksgiving feast. In spite of the years I have been married I have made very few turkeys and they still scare me. This however is causing hope to arise from my fog of fear. I will definately pass this on to my co-workers. My only issue might be that my oven gets persnickity when the oven gets too hot..500 degrees might be.

  88. teresa says:

    awesome! thanks for all the wonderful tips!

  89. Melanie says:

    Hi MerrittBadges – I’m not one to give advice on stuffing the turkey and baking it that way. I’ve always been leery of that method just because of all the talk around the foodborne illnesses that may be caused by the stuffing not reaching the right temperature; however, I know a lot of people do it that way with great success. I don’t see why you couldn’t try it with this turkey but I would do a little research online about the right temperature for the stuffing and use an instant read thermometer to check it before serving. Sorry I’m not more help!

  90. !♣!F®om †he In§ide ou‡!♣! says:

    My grandma used to cook the ham in a brown paper bag for Easter…then she passed the secret on down to my mom….I seriously will never cook a large chunk of meat like a turkey or ham without it! 😀 Too bad a lot of stores are getting rid of paper bags! 🙁

  91. MerrittBadges says:

    I LOVE your blog. We have tried many of your recipes, and they have become some of our favorites! I am excited to try this method this year. I’ve done turkeys before, and they don’t always work out how I want them. With this in mind, I do have a question: What if I wanted to stuff the bird? Could I stuff the turkey and bake it the same way? I imagine it would take more time. Any tips/info would be appreciated. Thanks!

  92. Anonymous says:

    I am new to your blog, but I will definately be trying this recipe for Thanksgiving! It will probably be my first try at any of your recipes so wish me luck. It sounds great and I am excited to try it. I was actually tempted to go buy a turkey today and do it, but I guess I can wait =)

  93. Melanie says:

    Hey everyone – ok, let me try to answer your questions. I’ve updated and fleshed out the recipe with more detail and included a few pictures to show you how the paper bag is tented over the turkey and tucked into the sides of the roasting pan (your wish is my command!).

    The oven needs to preheat at 500 degrees for one hour so it is nice and hot. Don’t forget that step. And when it says “breast side down” that means you basically flip the turkey over from how you would normally bake it and put it in the roasting pan.

    Also, this recipe has been tested (and tested and tested) on up to a 22-pound turkey. And yes, no matter the size (up to that pound limit) it will bake in 2 hours. Here’s the reason (at least my theory), the turkey is seared at a high temperature for around 15-20 minutes, depending on the size, and then when the heat is lowered to 400 to bake for 2 hours, the turkey is basically insulated in a greased tent which cooks the turkey hotter and faster (not to mention crisps the skin so perfectly and provides tender, juicy meat).

    Please let me know if you have any other questions and don’t forget to check the post above for the updated pics and more detailed instructions.

  94. Jessica says:

    You are a crack up! I have been married for 5 years and have never attempted to cook a turkey. My hubby got one from work last year and it’s still in our freezer. You may have given me that last push I need! Could you PLEASE post a pic of the paper bag tent? That part scares me!

  95. Adrienne says:

    you are truly killing me with all this Thanksgiving/turkey talk! I’m 35 weeks preggo and all I think about is Thanksgiving dinner. Not really up to making it just for fun…just can’t wait for the big day. This turkey looks awesome!! (even though I’m afraid of them too)

  96. Amy and David Ziehl says:

    Beware of the paper bag fire! That was hilarious Mel!

  97. Nicole Marsh says:

    I have never cooked a turkey, but I actually want to try it now. Thanks for the step by step instructions.

  98. Nicole Marsh says:

    I have never cooked a turkey, but I actually want to try it now. Thanks for the step by step instructions.

  99. reciperhapsody says:

    P.S. LOL at you setting the oven on fire! Too bad you didn’t get a photo of that! ~ Veronica

  100. reciperhapsody says:

    Your Aunt Marilyn is one brave woman! I would never dare attempt to cook a turkey like this for fear of ruining it, unless I knew that it worked. Thanks for posting this b/c now that I do know it works, I’m gonna try it. This would be great for my mother, as well, who always manages to put the turkey in late and hold up the entire dinner when thanksgiving is at her house.

  101. The Double Dipped Life says:

    Me again! I just spent at least 20 minutes looking over your blog! Love it! I’ll be back.

  102. The Double Dipped Life says:

    Sounds yummy! So, do you let the oven sit on at 500 for 1 hour before roasting? Please email me! Thanks!

  103. Erica says:

    This sounds great! Sorry to add another question to the mix, but how do you think it would work for a turkey breast? I didn’t do a whole turkey last year because it was just a handful of adults and kids. Thanks for any thoughts! And man, am I excited for Thanksgiving! I’m so excited to cook that I might not let whoever we invite contribute anything to the meal! Well, maybe a salad…

  104. Jschmalle says:

    I am so going to try your recipe this year! We always go to Grandma’s for Thanksgiving, but we really love the leftovers, so I want to cook the whole meal for my family. I think I will even try the homemade stuffing (even though I already have Stove Top on hand!).

  105. grace says:

    i’ve only ever had turkey cooked on a rotisserie, and i’m not sure i want to try any other way! your method does seem like it’d yield a tasty result though… 🙂

  106. Wehrle says:

    I have done Thanksgiving the last three years and I still get nervous about the turkey!! I am not understanding the brown bag tent… wil you post a picture of what you mean? I really would love to try this new method!!

  107. Libby says:

    My husband always cooks the turkey in our house…but I’m always on the look out for a new recipe for him to make 🙂 I will have to mention this to him and see what he thinks 🙂

  108. megan says:

    i’ve never cooked a turkey, and I’m nervous just roasting a chicken! Thankfully I’m going to my mom’s house for Thanksgiving, but for future reference… any chance you could take a few “as you go” pictures this year? I’d love to be able to see the step by step process…especially the paper bag tent. I want to try this, but i”m nervous! 🙂

  109. Janelle says:

    Oh, I bet it’s really moist and yummy, being cooked breast-side-down. I’m doing my second turkey this year and I just might have to use this method. I flagged your stuffing recipe yesterday, too! Apparently I’m going to be having a Thanksgiving Cafe this year!

  110. Becky says:

    Wow this sounds great! Ok dumb question… When you say put it breast side down is that basically flipping it upside down from how you would normally cook it?

  111. Christy says:

    A whole, big bird done in 2 hours? FANTASTIC!! You made me laugh about making sure the bag was tucked INTO the roasting pan to prevent fire. I love your honesty!!! Thanks for the great recipes!

  112. AmandaS says:

    So, no matter the size you still cook it for 2 hours at 400 degrees? I just have a severe fear of dry, overcooked turkey!

  113. Jenn says:

    Very interesting! Just wait, I think all of the food programs will be onto this method of cooking this year. I will try this when it’s my turn to make a turkey–unfortunately not this year.

    Last year, we brined a turkey and then fried it. THAT was the best turkey I’ve ever had, but you don’t get gravy. So, I will file this for future reference!!

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